CREATE PACKAGE BODY v10

Name

CREATE PACKAGE BODY -- define a new package body.

Synopsis

CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] PACKAGE BODY <name>
{ IS | AS }
  [ declaration; ] [, ...]
  [ { PROCEDURE <proc_name>
      [ (<argname> [ IN | IN OUT | OUT ] <argtype> [ DEFAULT <value> ] [, ...]) ]
      [ STRICT ]
      [ LEAKPROOF ]
      [ PARALLEL { UNSAFE | RESTRICTED | SAFE } ]
      [ COST <execution_cost> ]
      [ ROWS <result_rows> ]
      [ SET <config_param> { TO <value> | = <value> | FROM CURRENT } ]
    { IS | AS }
        <program_body>
      END [ <proc_name> ];
    |
      FUNCTION <func_name>
      [ (<argname> [ IN | IN OUT | OUT ] <argtype> [ DEFAULT <value> ] [, ...]) ]
      RETURN <rettype> [ DETERMINISTIC ]
      [ STRICT ]
      [ LEAKPROOF ]
      [ PARALLEL { UNSAFE | RESTRICTED | SAFE } ]
      [ COST <execution_cost> ]
      [ ROWS <result_rows> ]
      [ SET <config_param> { TO <value> | = <value> | FROM CURRENT } ]
    { IS | AS }
        <program_body>
      END [ <func_name> ];
    }
  ] [, ...]
  [ BEGIN
      <statement>; [, ...] ]
  END [ <name> ]

Description

CREATE PACKAGE BODY defines a new package body. CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY will either create a new package body, or replace an existing body.

If a schema name is included, then the package body is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is created in the current schema. The name of the new package body must match an existing package specification in the same schema. The new package body name must not match any existing package body in the same schema unless the intent is to update the definition of an existing package body, in which case use CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY.

Parameters

name

The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the package body to create.

declaration

A private variable, type, cursor, or REF CURSOR declaration.

proc_name

The name of a public or private procedure. If proc_name exists in the package specification with an identical signature, then it is public, otherwise it is private.

argname

The name of an argument.

IN | IN OUT | OUT

The argument mode.

argtype

The data type(s) of the program’s arguments.

DEFAULT value

Default value of an input argument.

STRICT

The STRICT keyword specifies that the function will not be executed if called with a NULL argument; instead the function will return NULL.

LEAKPROOF

The LEAKPROOF keyword specifies that the function will not reveal any information about arguments, other than through a return value.

PARALLEL { UNSAFE | RESTRICTED | SAFE }

The PARALLEL clause enables the use of parallel sequential scans (parallel mode). A parallel sequential scan uses multiple workers to scan a relation in parallel during a query in contrast to a serial sequential scan.

  • When set to UNSAFE, the procedure or function cannot be executed in parallel mode. The presence of such a procedure or function forces a serial execution plan. This is the default setting if the PARALLEL clause is omitted.

  • When set to RESTRICTED, the procedure or function can be executed in parallel mode, but the execution is restricted to the parallel group leader. If the qualification for any particular relation has anything that is parallel restricted, that relation won't be chosen for parallelism.

  • When set to SAFE, the procedure or function can be executed in parallel mode with no restriction.

execution_cost

execution_cost specifies a positive number giving the estimated execution cost for the function, in units of cpu_operator_cost. If the function returns a set, this is the cost per returned row. The default is 0.0025.

result_rows

result_rows is the estimated number of rows that the query planner should expect the function to return. The default is 1000.

SET

Use the SET clause to specify a parameter value for the duration of the function:

  • config_param specifies the parameter name.

  • value specifies the parameter value.

  • FROM CURRENT guarantees that the parameter value is restored when the function ends.

program_body

The declarations and SPL statements that comprise the body of the function or procedure.

The declarations may include variable, type, REF CURSOR, or subprogram declarations. If subprogram declarations are included, they must be declared after all other variable, type, and REF CURSOR declarations.

func_name

The name of a public or private function. If func_name exists in the package specification with an identical signature, then it is public, otherwise it is private.

rettype

The return data type.

DETERMINISTIC

Include DETERMINISTIC to specify that the function will always return the same result when given the same argument values. A DETERMINISTIC function must not modify the database.

Note: The DETERMINISTIC keyword is equivalent to the PostgreSQL IMMUTABLE option. If DETERMINISTIC is specified for a public function in the package body, it must also be specified for the function declaration in the package specification. For private functions, there is no function declaration in the package specification.

statement

An SPL program statement. Statements in the package initialization section are executed once per session the first time the package is referenced.

Note

The STRICT, LEAKPROOF, PARALLEL, COST, ROWS and SET keywords provide extended functionality for Advanced Server and are not supported by Oracle.

Examples

The following is the package body for the empinfo package.

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY empinfo
IS
    v_counter       INTEGER;
    PROCEDURE get_name (
        p_empno     NUMBER
    )
    IS
    BEGIN
        SELECT ename INTO emp_name FROM emp WHERE empno = p_empno;
        v_counter := v_counter + 1;
    END;
    FUNCTION display_counter
    RETURN INTEGER
    IS
    BEGIN
        RETURN v_counter;
    END;
BEGIN
    v_counter := 0;
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Initialized counter');
END;

The following two anonymous blocks execute the procedure and function in the empinfo package and display the public variable.

BEGIN
    empinfo.get_name(7369);
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Employee Name    : ' || empinfo.emp_name);
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Number of queries: ' || empinfo.display_counter);
END;

Initialized counter
Employee Name    : SMITH
Number of queries: 1

BEGIN
    empinfo.get_name(7900);
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Employee Name    : ' || empinfo.emp_name);
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Number of queries: ' || empinfo.display_counter);
END;

Employee Name    : JAMES
Number of queries: 2

See Also

CREATE PACKAGE, DROP PACKAGE