Extending Failover Manager Permissions

During the Failover Manager installation, the installer creates a user named efm. efm does not have sufficient privileges to perform management functions that are normally limited to the database owner or operating system superuser.

  • When performing management functions requiring database superuser privileges, efm invokes the efm_db_functions script.
  • When performing management functions requiring operating system superuser privileges, efm invokes the efm_root_functions script.
  • When assigning or releasing a virtual IP address, efm invokes the efm_address script.

The efm_db_functions or efm_root_functions scripts perform management functions on behalf of the efm user.

The sudoers file contains entries that allow the user efm to control the Failover Manager service for clusters owned by postgres or enterprisedb. You can modify a copy of the sudoers file to grant permission to manage Postgres clusters owned by other users to efm.

The efm-36 file is located in /etc/sudoers.d, and contains the following entries:

# Copyright EnterpriseDB Corporation, 2014-2019. All Rights
# Reserved.
#
# Do not edit this file. Changes to the file may be overwritten
# during an upgrade.
#
# This file assumes you are running your efm cluster as user
# 'efm'. If not, then you will need to copy this file.
# Allow user 'efm' to sudo efm_db_functions as either 'postgres'
# or 'enterprisedb'. If you run your db service under a
# non-default account, you will need to copy this file to grant
# the proper permissions and specify the account in your efm
# cluster properties file by changing the 'db.service.owner'
# property.

efm ALL=(postgres) NOPASSWD: /usr/edb/efm-3.6 /bin/efm_db_functions
efm ALL=(enterprisedb) NOPASSWD: /usr/edb/efm-3.6
/bin/efm_db_functions

# Allow user 'efm' to sudo efm_root_functions as 'root' to
# write/delete the PID file, validate the db.service.owner
# property, etc.
efm ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/edb/efm-3.6 /bin/efm_root_functions
# Allow user 'efm' to sudo efm_address as root for VIP tasks.
efm ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/edb/efm-3.6 /bin/efm_address
# relax tty requirement for user 'efm'
Defaults:efm !requiretty

If you are using Failover Manager to monitor clusters that are owned by users other than postgres or enterprisedb, make a copy of the efm-36 file, and modify the content to allow the user to access the efm_functions script to manage their clusters.

If an agent cannot start because of permission problems, make sure the default /etc/sudoers file contains the following line at the end of the file:

## Read drop-in files from /etc/sudoers.d (the # here does not # mean a comment)

#includedir /etc/sudoers.d

Running Failover Manager without sudo

By default, Failover Manager uses sudo to securely manage access to system functionality. If you choose to configure Failover Manager to run without sudo access, please note that root access is still required to:

  • install the Failover Manager RPM.
  • perform Failover Manager setup tasks.

To run Failover Manager without sudo, you must select a database process owner that will have privileges to perform management functions on behalf of Failover Manager. The user could be the default database superuser (for example, enterprisedb or postgres) or another privileged user. After selecting the user:

  1. Use the following command to add the user to the efm group:

    usermod -a -G efm enterprisedb

    This should allow the user to write to /var/run/efm-3.6 and /var/lock/efm-3.6.

  2. If you are reusing a cluster name, remove any previously created log files; the new user will not be able to write to log files created by the default (or other) owner.

  3. Copy the cluster properties template file and the nodes template file:

    su - enterprisedb

    cp /etc/edb/efm-3.6/efm.properties.in <directory/cluster_name>.properties

    cp /etc/edb/efm-3.6/efm.nodes.in <directory>/<cluster_name>.nodes

    Then, modify the cluster properties file, providing the name of the user in the db.service.owner property. You must also ensure that the db.service.name property is blank; without sudo, you cannot run services without root access.

After modifying the configuration, the new user can control Failover Manager with the following command:

/usr/edb/efm-3.6/bin/runefm.sh start|stop <directory/cluster_name>.properties

Where <directory/cluster_name.properties> specifies the full path and name of the cluster properties file. Please note that the user must ensure that the full path to the properties file must be provided whenever the non-default user is controlling agents or using the efm script.

To allow the new user to manage Failover Manager as a service, you must provide a custom script or unit file.

Failover Manager uses a binary named manage-vip that resides in /usr/edb/efm-3.6/bin/secure/ to perform VIP management operations without sudo privileges. This script uses setuid to acquire with the privileges needed to manage Virtual IP addresses.

  • This directory is only accessible to root and users in the efm group.
  • The binary is only executable by root and the efm group.

For security reasons, we recommend against modifying the access privileges of the /usr/edb/efm-3.6/bin/secure/ directory or the manage-vip script.

For more information about using Failover Manager without sudo, visit:

https://www.enterprisedb.com/blog/running-edb-postgres-failover-manager-without-sudo