Opening a Database Connection

An EDBConnection object is responsible for handling the communication between an instance of Advanced Server and a .NET application. Before you can access data stored in an Advanced Server database, you must create and open an EDBConnection.

The examples that follow demonstrate the basic steps for connecting to an instance of Advanced Server. You must:

  1. Import the namespace EnterpriseDB.EDBClient.

  2. Create an instance of EDBConnection.

  3. Initialize the EDBConnection object by passing a connection string as a parameter to the constructor for the EDBConnection class.

  4. Call the Open method of the EDBConnection object to open the connection.

Connection String Parameters

A valid connection string should specify location and authentication information for an Advanced Server instance. You must provide the connection string before opening the connection. A connection string must contain:

  • The name or IP address of the server

  • The name of the Advanced Server database

  • The name of an Advanced Server user

  • The password associated with that user

The following parameters may be included in the connection string:

CommandTimeout

CommandTimeout specifies the length of time (in seconds) to wait for a command to finish execution before throwing an exception. The default value is 20.

ConnectionLifeTime

Use ConnectionLifeTime to specify the length of time (in seconds) to wait before closing unused connections in the pool. The default value is 15.

Database

Use the Database parameter to specify the name of the database to which the application should connect. If a database name is not specified, the database name will default to the name of the connecting user.

Encoding

The Encoding parameter is obsolete; the parameter always returns the string unicode, and silently ignores attempts to set it.

Integrated Security

By default, Integrated Security is set to false, and Windows Integrated Security is disabled. Specify a value of true to use Windows Integrated Security.

MaxPoolSize

MaxPoolSize instructs EDBConnection to dispose of pooled connections when the pool exceeds the specified number of connections. The default value is 20.

MinPoolSize

MinPoolSize instructs EDBConnection to pre-allocate the specified number of connections with the server. The default value is 1.

Password

When using clear text authentication, specify the password that will be used to establish a connection with the server.

Pooling

By default, Pooling is set to true to enable connection pooling. Specify a value of false to disable connection pooling.

Port

The Port parameter specifies the port to which the application should connect.

Protocol

The specific protocol version to use (instead of automatic); specify an integer value of 2 or 3.

SearchPath

Use the SearchPath parameter to change the search path to named and public schemas.

Server

The name or IP address of the Advanced Server host.

SSL

By default, SSL is set to false; specify a value of true to attempt a secure connection.

sslmode

Use sslmode to specify an SSL connection control preference. sslmode can be:

prefer - Use SSL if possible.

require - Throw an exception if an SSL connection cannot be established.

allow - Connect without SSL. This parameter is not supported.

disable - Do not attempt an SSL connection. This is the default behavior.

SyncNotification

Use the SyncNotification parameter to specify that EDBDataprovider should use synchronous notifications. The default value is false.

Timeout

Timeout specifies the length of time (in seconds) to wait for an open connection. The default value is 15.

User Id

The User Id parameter specifies the user name that should be used for the connection.

Example - Opening a Database Connection using ASP.NET

The following example demonstrates how to open a connection to an instance of Advanced Server and then close the connection. The connection is established using the credentials specified in the DB_CONN_STRING configuration parameter (see Chapter - Using the .Net Connector for an introduction to connection information and also see Section - Connection String Parameters for connection parameters).

<% @ Page Language="C#" %>
<% @Import Namespace="EnterpriseDB.EDBClient" %>
<% @Import Namespace="System.Configuration" %>

<script language="C#" runat="server">

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
  string strConnectionString = ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings
    ["DB_CONN_STRING"];

  EDBConnection conn = new EDBConnection(strConnectionString);

  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    Response.Write("Connection opened successfully");
  }

  catch(EDBException exp)
  {
    exp.ToString();
  }

  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
}

</script>

If the connection is successful, a browser will display the following:

Connection Opened Successfully

Connection Opened Successfully

Example - Opening a Database Connection from a Console Application

The following example opens a connection with an Advanced Server database using a console-based application.

Before writing the code for the console application, create an app.config file that stores the connection string to the database. Using a configuration file makes it convenient to update the connection string if the information changes.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
      <appSettings>
              <add key="DB_CONN_STRING" value = "Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5444;
              User Id=enterprisedb;Password=enterprisedb;Database=edb"/>
      </appSettings>
</configuration>

Using your text editor of choice, enter the following code sample into a file:

using System;
using System.Data;
using EnterpriseDB.EDBClient;
using System.Configuration;

namespace EnterpriseDB
{

      class EDB
      {

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
         string strConnectionString = ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings
            ["DB_CONN_STRING"];

           EDBConnection conn = new EDBConnection(strConnectionString);

            try
            {
                conn.Open();
                Console.WriteLine("Connection Opened Successfully");
            }

            catch(Exception exp)
            {
                throw new Exception(exp.ToString());
            }

            finally
            {
              conn.Close();
            }
         }
      }
}

Save the file as EDBConnection-Sample.cs and compile it with the following command:

csc /r:EDBDataProvider.dll /out:Console.exe EDBConnection-Sample.cs

Compiling the sample should generate a Console.exe file; you can execute the sample code by entering Console.exe. When executed, the console should verify that the:

Connection Opened Successfully

Example - Opening a Database Connection from a Windows Form Application

The following example demonstrates opening a database connection using a .NET WinForm application. To use the example, save the following code as WinForm-Example.cs in a directory that contains the library files.

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using EnterpriseDB.EDBClient;

namespace EDBTestClient
{

      class Win_Conn
      {
              static void Main(string[] args)
              {
                      Form frmMain = new Form();
                      Button btnConn = new Button();
                      btnConn.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(104, 64);
                      btnConn.Name = "btnConn";
                      btnConn.Text = "Open Connection";
                      btnConn.Click += new System.EventHandler(btnConn_Click);

                      frmMain.Controls.Add(btnConn);
                      frmMain.Text = "EnterpriseDB";

                      Application.Run(frmMain);
              }

              private static void btnConn_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
              {
                      EDBConnection conn = null;
                      try
                      {
                              string connectionString = "Server=10.90.1.29;port=5444;
                              username=edb;password=edb;database=edb";
                              conn = new EDBConnection(connectionString);
                              conn.Open();
                              MessageBox.Show("Connection Open");
                      }
                      catch(EDBException exp)
                      {
                              MessageBox.Show(exp.ToString());
                      }
                      finally
                      {
                              conn.Close();
                      }
              }
      }
}

Note that you must change the database connection string to point to the database that you want to connect to before compiling the file with the following command:

csc /r:EDBDataProvider.dll /out:WinForm.exe WinForm-Example.cs

This command should generate a WinForm.exe file within the same folder that the executable was compiled under. Invoking the executable will display:

Dialog

A successful connection