20.4. Authentication Problems
Authentication failures and related problems generally manifest themselves through error messages like the following:
FATAL: no pg_hba.conf entry for host "184.108.40.206", user "andym", database "testdb"
This is what you are most likely to get if you succeed in contacting
the server, but it does not want to talk to you. As the message
suggests, the server refused the connection request because it found
no matching entry in its
FATAL: password authentication failed for user "andym"
Messages like this indicate that you contacted the server, and it is
willing to talk to you, but not until you pass the authorization
method specified in the
pg_hba.conf file. Check
the password you are providing, or check your Kerberos or ident
software if the complaint mentions one of those authentication
FATAL: user "andym" does not exist
The indicated database user name was not found.
FATAL: database "testdb" does not exist
The database you are trying to connect to does not exist. Note that if you do not specify a database name, it defaults to the database user name, which might or might not be the right thing.
The server log might contain more information about an authentication failure than is reported to the client. If you are confused about the reason for a failure, check the server log.