SET SESSION AUTHORIZATION
SET SESSION AUTHORIZATION — set the session user identifier and the current user identifier of the current session
SET [ SESSION | LOCAL ] SESSION AUTHORIZATION
user_nameSET [ SESSION | LOCAL ] SESSION AUTHORIZATION DEFAULT RESET SESSION AUTHORIZATION
This command sets the session user identifier and the current user
identifier of the current SQL session to be
user_name. The user name can be
written as either an identifier or a string literal. Using this
command, it is possible, for example, to temporarily become an
unprivileged user and later switch back to being a superuser.
The session user identifier is initially set to be the (possibly
authenticated) user name provided by the client. The current user
identifier is normally equal to the session user identifier, but
might change temporarily in the context of
functions and similar mechanisms; it can also be changed by
The current user identifier is relevant for permission checking.
The session user identifier can be changed only if the initial session user (the authenticated user) had the superuser privilege. Otherwise, the command is accepted only if it specifies the authenticated user name.
LOCAL modifiers act the same
as for the regular SET
RESET forms reset the session
and current user identifiers to be the originally authenticated user
name. These forms can be executed by any user.
SET SESSION AUTHORIZATION cannot be used within a
SECURITY DEFINER function.
SELECT SESSION_USER, CURRENT_USER; session_user | current_user --------------+-------------- peter | peter SET SESSION AUTHORIZATION 'paul'; SELECT SESSION_USER, CURRENT_USER; session_user | current_user --------------+-------------- paul | paul
The SQL standard allows some other expressions to appear in place
of the literal
user_name, but these options
are not important in practice. PostgreSQL
allows identifier syntax (
"), which SQL
does not. SQL does not allow this command during a transaction;
PostgreSQL does not make this
restriction because there is no reason to.
LOCAL modifiers are a
PostgreSQL extension, as is the
The privileges necessary to execute this command are left implementation-defined by the standard.