21.4. Dropping Roles
Because roles can own database objects and can hold privileges to access other objects, dropping a role is often not just a matter of a quick DROP ROLE. Any objects owned by the role must first be dropped or reassigned to other owners; and any permissions granted to the role must be revoked.
Ownership of objects can be transferred one at a time
ALTER commands, for example:
ALTER TABLE bobs_table OWNER TO alice;
Alternatively, the REASSIGN OWNED command can be
used to reassign ownership of all objects owned by the role-to-be-dropped
to a single other role. Because
REASSIGN OWNED cannot access
objects in other databases, it is necessary to run it in each database
that contains objects owned by the role. (Note that the first
REASSIGN OWNED will change the ownership of any
shared-across-databases objects, that is databases or tablespaces, that
are owned by the role-to-be-dropped.)
Once any valuable objects have been transferred to new owners, any
remaining objects owned by the role-to-be-dropped can be dropped with
the DROP OWNED command. Again, this command cannot
access objects in other databases, so it is necessary to run it in each
database that contains objects owned by the role. Also,
OWNED will not drop entire databases or tablespaces, so it is
necessary to do that manually if the role owns any databases or
tablespaces that have not been transferred to new owners.
DROP OWNED also takes care of removing any privileges granted
to the target role for objects that do not belong to it.
REASSIGN OWNED does not touch such objects, it's
typically necessary to run both
DROP OWNED (in that order!) to fully remove the
dependencies of a role to be dropped.
In short then, the most general recipe for removing a role that has been used to own objects is:
REASSIGN OWNED BY doomed_role TO successor_role; DROP OWNED BY doomed_role; -- repeat the above commands in each database of the cluster DROP ROLE doomed_role;
When not all owned objects are to be transferred to the same successor owner, it's best to handle the exceptions manually and then perform the above steps to mop up.
DROP ROLE is attempted while dependent objects still
remain, it will issue messages identifying which objects need to be
reassigned or dropped.