Overview v55

Migration Toolkit is a powerful command-line tool that offers granular control of the migration process. Using Migration Toolkit is a two-step process:

  1. Edit the toolkit.properties file to specify the source and target database.

  2. Invoke Migration Toolkit at the command line, specifying migration options.

Migration Toolkit helps with migration of database objects and data to an EDB Postgres Advanced Server or PostgreSQL database from:

  • Oracle
  • MySQL
  • SQL Server

Migration Toolkit also allows you to migrate database objects and data to an EDB Postgres Advanced Server database from Sybase. You can also use Migration Toolkit to migrate between EDB Postgres Advanced Server and PostgreSQL. Migration Toolkit includes a number of options, allowing you granular control of the migration process:

  • Use the -safeMode option to commit each row as it is migrated.
  • Use the -fastCopy option to bypass WAL logging to optimize migration.
  • Use the -batchSize option to control the batch size of bulk inserts.
  • Use the -cpBatchSize option to specify the batch size used with the COPY command.
  • Use the -lobBatchSize option to specify the batch size used for large object data types.
  • Use the -filterProp option to migrate only those rows that meet a condition you specify.
  • Use the -customColTypeMapping option to change the data type of selected columns.
  • Use the -dropSchema option to drop the existing schema and create a new schema prior to migration.
  • On EDB Postgres Advanced Server, use the -allDBLinks option to migrate all Oracle database links.
  • On EDB Postgres Advanced Server, use the -copyViaDBLinkOra option to enable the dblink_ora module.
  • Use the -connRetryCount <connection_attempts> option to specify the number of retry attempts to perform if the target database connection is lost during data migration.
  • Use the -connRetryInterval <seconds> option to specify the seconds to wait before each target database reconnection attempt during a data migration.
  • Use the -abortConnOnFailure <true/false> option to specify whether to abort the migration when all target database reconnection attempts fail during a data migration. The default is true, which aborts the session if the connection fails after the the specified -connRetryCount threshold.
  • Use the -pgIdleTxSessionTimeOut <seconds> to override the value of the PostgreSQL or EDB Postgres Advanced Server idle_in_transaction_session_timeout configuration option in the MTK connection session.

Object migration support

Migration Toolkit migrates object definitions (DDL), table data, or both. The following table contains a platform-specific list of the types of database objects that Migration Toolkit can migrate:

ObjectOracleSybaseSQL ServerMySQL
List-partitioned tableX
Range-partitioned tableX
Hash partitioned tableX
Table dataXXXX
Materialized viewsX
Object typesX
Object type methodsX
Database linksX

For detailed information about the commands that offer granular control of the objects imported, see Schema object selection options.

Online migration versus offline migration

Migration Toolkit can migrate immediately and directly into a Postgres database (online migration). You can also choose to generate scripts to use later to re-create object definitions in a Postgres database (offline migration).

By default, Migration Toolkit creates objects directly into a Postgres database. Alternatively, include the -offlineMigration option to generate SQL scripts you can use later to reproduce the migrated objects or data in a new database. You can alter migrated objects by customizing the migration scripts generated by Migration Toolkit before you execute them. With the -offlineMigration option, you can schedule the actual migration at a time that best suits your system load.

For more information about the -offlineMigration option, see Offline migration options.


EDB Postgres Advanced Server offers complete support for some Oracle features and partial support for others. Migration Toolkit can't migrate any object that uses an unsupported feature.

In some cases, Migration Toolkit can migrate objects that use features that offer partial compatibility. In other cases, EDB Postgres Advanced Server supports suitable workarounds.

Full-text search is an example of functionality that isn't fully compatible with Oracle. The EDB Postgres Advanced Server database has included support for full-text search for quite some time, but the implementation is different from Oracle's. Migration Toolkit can't migrate objects that use this feature.

EDB Postgres Advanced Server doesn't yet support other features. Features in this category include Automated Storage Management, table compression, and external tables. You can often implement a successful workaround:

  • You can replace Automated Storage Management with system-specific volume management software.
  • You can implement table compression by storing data in a tablespace that resides on a compressed filesystem.
  • External tables don't exist in EDB Postgres Advanced Server, but you can load flat text files into staging tables in the database. We recommend using the EDB*Loader utility to load the data into an EDB Postgres Advanced Server database quickly.
  • When migrating multiple profiles from an Oracle database into EDB Postgres Advanced Server, you must manually assign the profile to a user or users when the migration completes.

Unsupported Postgres features

Migration Toolkit doesn't support migration of the following Postgres features:


For information about OPERATOR CLASS and OPERATOR FAMILY, see the PostgreSQL core documentation.