Configuring PgBouncer v9

You must configure PgBouncer to work with the PEM database server.

The name and location of the directories and files in the configuration steps depend on whether you installed the community version of PgBouncer or EDB PgBouncer. The instructions assume you are using EDB PgBouncer. If you have installed PgBouncer from the community repo, replace the names of the files and directories in the example with the PgBouncer values.

NamePgBouncerEDB PgBouncer
PgBouncer directory/etc/pgbouncer<1.x>/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>
ini filepgbouncer.iniedb-pgbouncer.ini
userlist file/etc/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt
HBA file(/etc/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file)(/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file)
Service filepgbouncer-<1.x>edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>

This example runs PgBouncer as the enterprisedb system user and outlines the process of configuring PgBouncer.

  1. Open a terminal window and navigate to the PgBouncer directory.

  2. Change the owner of the etc directory for PgBouncer (where pgbouncer.ini resides) to enterprisedb, and change the directory permissions to 0700:

    $ chown -R enterprisedb:enterprisedb /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>
    $ chmod 0700 /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>
  3. Change the contents of the pgbouncer.ini or edb-pgbouncer.ini file:

    ;; Change the pool_size according to maximum connections allowed
    ;; to the PEM database server as required.
    ;; 'auth_user' will be used for authenticate the db user (proxy
    ;; agent user in our case)
    pem = port=5444 host=localhost dbname=pem auth_user=pgbouncer
    pool_size=80 pool_mode=transaction
    * = port=5444 host=localhost dbname=pem auth_user=pgbouncer
    logfile = /var/log/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>.log
    pidfile = /var/run/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>.pid
    listen_addr = *
    ;; Agent needs to use this port to connect the pem database now
    listen_port = 6432
    ;; Require to support for the SSL Certificate authentications
    ;; for PEM Agents
    client_tls_sslmode = require
    ;; These are the root.crt, server.key, server.crt files present
    ;; in the present under the data directory of the PEM database
    ;; server, used by the PEM Agents for connections.
    client_tls_ca_file = /var/lib/edb/as11/data/root.crt
    client_tls_key_file = /var/lib/edb/as11/data/server.key
    client_tls_cert_file = /var/lib/edb/as11/data/server.crt
    ;; Use hba file for client connections
    auth_type = hba
    ;; Authentication file, Reference:
    auth_file = /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt
    ;; HBA file
    auth_hba_file = /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file
    ;; Use pem.get_agent_pool_auth(TEXT) function to authenticate
    ;; the db user (used as a proxy agent user).
    auth_query = SELECT * FROM pem.get_agent_pool_auth($1)
    ;; DB User for administration of the pgbouncer
    admin_users = pem_admin1
    ;; DB User for collecting the statistics of pgbouncer
    stats_users = pem_admin1
    server_reset_query = DISCARD ALL
    ;; Change based on the number of agents installed/required
    max_client_conn = 500
    ;; Close server connection if its not been used in this time.
    ;; Allows to clean unnecessary connections from pool after peak.
    server_idle_timeout = 60

For more information on auth_user see Authentication settings.

  1. Create and update the /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt authentication file for PgBouncer:

    ## Connect to pem database as a superuser, 
    ## create the userslist.txt file and add 
    ## username and their password list in CSV format
    $ psql -p 5444 -d pem -U enterprisedb
    COPY (
    SELECT 'pgbouncer'::TEXT, 'pgbouncer_password'
    SELECT 'pem_admin1'::TEXT, 'pem_admin1_password')
    TO '/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt'
    COPY 2

    This creates /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/userlist.txt file and adds the username and password list.


    If the pem_admin user is a superuser, you must add the password to the authentication file (enterprisedb in the example). This allows the pem_admin user to invoke the PEM authentication query function pem.get_proxy_auth(text).

  2. Create an HBA file (/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file) for PgBouncer that contains the following content:

    # Use authentication method md5 for the local connections to
    # connect pem database & pgbouncer (virtual) database.
    local pgbouncer all md5
    # Use authentication method md5 for the remote connections to
    # connect to pgbouncer (virtual database) using enterprisedb
    # user.
    host pgbouncer,pem pem_admin1 md5
    # Use authentication method cert for the TCP/IP connections to
    # connect the pem database using pem_agent_user1
    hostssl pem pem_agent_user1 cert
  3. Change the owner of the HBA file (/etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file) to enterprisedb, and change the directory permissions to 0600:

    $ chown enterprisedb:enterprisedb /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file
    $ chmod 0600 /etc/edb/pgbouncer<1.x>/hba_file
  4. Enable the PgBouncer service, and start the service:

    $ systemctl enable edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>
    Created symlink from
    to /usr/lib/systemd/system/edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>.service.
    $ systemctl start edb-pgbouncer-<1.x>