Monetary types v16

Data typeNativeAliasDescription
MONEYCurrency amount, 8 byte storage, -92233720368547758.08 to +92233720368547758.07 range


The MONEY type stores a currency amount with a fixed fractional precision. The fractional precision is determined by the database's lc_monetary setting. The range assumes there are two fractional digits. Input is accepted in a variety of formats, including integer and floating-point literals, as well as typical currency formatting, such as '$1,000.00'. Output is generally in the latter form but depends on the locale.

Since the output of this data type is locale-sensitive, it might not work to load money data into a database that has a different setting of lc_monetary. To avoid problems, before restoring a dump into a new database make sure lc_monetary has the same or equivalent value as in the database that was dumped.

Values of NUMERIC, INT, and BIGINT data types can be cast to MONEY. Conversion from REAL and DOUBLE PRECISION data types can be done by casting to NUMERIC first, for example:

SELECT '12.34'::float8::numeric::money;

However, this is not recommended. Floating point numbers shouldn't be used to handle money due to the potential for rounding errors.

A money value can be cast to NUMERIC without loss of precision. Conversion to other types could potentially lose precision, and must also be done in two stages:

SELECT '52093.89'::money::numeric::float8;

Division of a money value by an integer value is performed with truncation of the fractional part towards zero. To get a rounded result, divide by a floating-point value, or cast the money value to numeric before dividing and back to money afterwards. (The latter is preferable to avoid risking precision loss.) When a money value is divided by another money value, the result is double precision (that is, a pure number, not money); the currency units cancel each other out in the division.