Node management v5

List of node states

  • NONE: Node state is unset when the worker starts, expected to be set quickly to the current known state.
  • CREATED: bdr.create_node() was executed, but the node isn't a member of any EDB Postgres Distributed cluster yet.
  • JOIN_START: bdr.join_node_group() begins to join the local node to an existing EDB Postgres Distributed cluster.
  • JOINING: The node join has started and is currently at the initial sync phase, creating the schema and data on the node.
  • CATCHUP: Initial sync phase is completed. Now the join is at the last step of retrieving and applying transactions that were performed on the upstream peer node since the join started.
  • STANDBY: Node join finished, but hasn't yet started to broadcast changes. All joins spend some time in this state, but if defined as a logical standby, the node continues in this state.
  • PROMOTE: Node was a logical standby and we just called bdr.promote_node to move the node state to ACTIVE. These two PROMOTEstates have to be coherent to the fact that only one node can be with a state higher than STANDBY but lower than ACTIVE.
  • PROMOTING: Promotion from logical standby to full PGD node is in progress.
  • ACTIVE: The node is a full PGD node and is currently ACTIVE. This is the most common node status.
  • PART_START: Node was ACTIVE or STANDBY and we just called bdr.part_node to remove the node from the EDB Postgres Distributed cluster.
  • PARTING: Node disconnects from other nodes and plays no further part in consensus or replication.
  • PART_CATCHUP: Nonparting nodes synchronize any missing data from the recently parted node.
  • PARTED: Node parting operation is now complete on all nodes.

Only one node at a time can be in either of the states PROMOTE or PROMOTING.

Node-management commands

PGD also provides a command-line utility for adding nodes to the PGD group using physical copy (pg_basebackup) of an existing node.


This is a regular command that's added to PostgreSQL's bin directory.

You must specify a data directory. If this data directory is empty, use the pg_basebackup -X stream to fill the directory using a fast block-level copy operation.

If the specified data directory isn't empty, it's used as the base for the new node. Initially it waits for catchup and then promotes to a master node before joining the PGD group. The --standby option, if used, turns it into a logical standby node.

This command drops all PostgreSQL-native logical replication subscriptions from the database (or disables them when the -S option is used) as well as any replication origins and slots.


bdr_init_physical [OPTION] ...


General options
  • -D, --pgdata=DIRECTORY The data directory to use for the new node. It can be either an empty or nonexistent directory or a directory populated using the pg_basebackup -X stream command (required).
  • -l, --log-file=FILE Use FILE for logging. The default is bdr_init_physical_postgres.log.
  • -n, --node-name=NAME The name of the newly created node (required).
  • --replication-sets=SETS The name of a comma-separated list of replication set names to use. All replication sets are used if not specified.
  • --standby Create a logical standby (receive-only node) rather than full send/receive node.
  • --node-group-name Group to join. Defaults to the same group as source node.
  • -s, --stop Stop the server once the initialization is done.
  • -v Increase logging verbosity.
  • -L Perform selective pg_basebackup when used with an empty/nonexistent data directory (-D option). This is a feature of EDB Postgres Extended Server only.
  • -S Instead of dropping logical replication subscriptions, disable them.
Connection options
  • -d, --remote-dsn=CONNSTR Connection string for remote node (required).
  • --local-dsn=CONNSTR Connection string for local node (required).
Configuration files override
  • --hba-conf Path to the new pg_hba.conf.
  • --postgresql-conf Path to the new postgresql.conf.
  • --postgresql-auto-conf Path to the new


The replication set names specified in the command don't affect the data that exists in the data directory before the node joins the PGD group. This is true whether bdr_init_physical makes its own base backup or an existing base backup is being promoted to a new PGD node. Thus the --replication-sets option affects only the data published and subscribed to after the node joins the PGD node group. This behavior is different from the way replication sets are used in a logical join, as when using bdr.join_node_group().

The operator can truncate unwanted tables after the join completes. Refer to the bdr.tables catalog to determine replication set membership and identify tables that aren't members of any subscribed-to replication set. We strongly recommend that you truncate the tables rather than drop them, because:

  • DDL replication sets aren't necessarily the same as row (DML) replication sets, so you might inadvertently drop the table on other nodes.
  • If you later want to add the table to a replication set and you dropped it on some subset of nodes, you need to re-create it only on those nodes without creating DDL conflicts before you can add it to any replication sets.

It's simpler and safer to truncate your nonreplicated tables, leaving them present but empty.