Connecting from Azure

Three different methods enable you to connect to your cluster from your application's virtual network in Azure. Each method offers different levels of accessibility and security. We recommend the Azure private endpoint method. It's the most commonly used.

Azure private endpoint is a network interface that securely connects a private IP address from your Azure virtual network (VNet) to an external service. You grant access only to a single cluster instead of the entire BigAnimal resource virtual network, thus ensuring maximum network isolation. Other advantages include:

  • You need to configure the Private Link only once. Then you can use multiple private endpoints to connect applications from many different VNets.
  • There's no risk of IP address conflicts.

Private endpoints are the same mechanism used by first-party Azure services such as CosmosDB for private VNet connectivity. For more information, see What is a private endpoint?. Private Links (required by private endpoints) aren't free, however. See Azure Private Link pricing for information on the costs associated with Private Links (required by private endpoints).


If you set up a private endpoint and want to change to a public network, you must remove the private endpoint resources before making the change.

Using BigAnimal's cloud account

When using BigAnimal's cloud account, when creating a cluster, you provide BigAnimal with your Azure subscription ID (see Networking). BigAnimal, in turn, provides you with a private link alias, which you can use to connect to your cluster privately.

  1. When creating your cluster, on the Cluster Settings tab, in the Network section:

    1. Select Private.

    2. Enter your application's Azure subscription ID.

  2. After the cluster is created, go to the cluster details to see the corresponding endpoint service name. You need the service name while creating a private endpoint.

  3. Create a private endpoint in the client's VNet. The steps for creating a private endpoint in the client's VNet are the same whether you're using BigAnimal's cloud or your own. See Step 1: Create an Azure private endpoint and Step 2: Create an Azure Private DNS Zone for the private endpoint.

  4. In your application's Azure account, select Private Link Center, and then select Private endpoints. Select the endpoint you created previously, and use the service name provided in the details section in BigAnimal to access your cluster.

Using your Azure account


This example shows how to connect your cluster using Azure private endpoint.

Assume that your cluster is on a subscription called development and is being accessed from a Linux client VM on another subscription called test. It has the following properties:

  • Cluster:
    • Subscription: development
    • Cluster ID: p-mckwlbakq5
    • Account ID: brcxzr08qr7rbei1
    • Project ID: brcxzr08qr7rbei1
    • Region: Japan East
    • Organization's domain name:
  • Linux client VM called vm-client:
    • Subscription: test
    • Resource group: rg-client
    • Virtual network: vnet-client
    • Virtual network subnet: snet-client


To walk through an example in your own environment, you need:

  • Your cluster URL. You can find the URL in the Connect tab of your cluster instance in the BigAnimal portal.

  • The IP address of your cluster. You can find the IP address of your cluster using the following command:

    dig +short
  • A Postgres client, such as psql, installed on your client VM.


BigAnimal automatically provisions an Azure Private Link service for every private Postgres cluster. You can easily find this managed Private Link service by looking for the one that has the Cluster ID in its name, like p-mckwlbakq5-rw-internal-lb.

In this example, you create an Azure private endpoint in your client VM's virtual network. After you create the private endpoint, you can use its private IP address to access the Postgres cluster. You must perform this procedure for every virtual network you want to connect from.

Step 1: Create an Azure private endpoint

Create an Azure private endpoint in each client virtual network that needs to connect to your BigAnimal cluster. You can create the private endpoint using either the Azure portal or the Azure CLI.

Using the Azure portal
  1. If you prefer to create the private endpoint using the Azure portal, on the upper-left side of the screen, select Create a resource > Networking > Private Link. Alternatively. in the search box enter Private Link.

  2. Select Create.

  3. In Private Link Center, select Private endpoints in the menu on the left.

  4. In Private endpoints, select Add.

  5. Enter the details for the private endpoint in the Basics tab:

    create private endpoint

    • Subscription Select the subscription where your vm-client resides. In this case, it's test.

    • Resource group Select a resource group in the same region where your vm-client resides. This exanple uses rg-client.

    • Name Use a unique name for the private endpoint. For example, enter vnet-client-private-endpoint, where vnet-client is the client VNet ID.

    • Network Interface Name This takes the name of the private endpoint and appends it with -nic.

    • Region The private endpoint must be in the same region as your VNet. In this case, it's (Asia Pacific) Japan East.


    In a later step, you need the private endpoint's name to get its private IP address.

  6. On the Resource tab, connect the private endpoint to the Private Link service that you created by entering the following details:

    create private endpoint resource

    • Connection Method Select Connect to an Azure resource in my directory.

    • Subscription Select the subscription in which the target BigAnimal Postgres cluster resides. In this example, it's development.

    • Resource type Select Microsoft.Network/privateLinkServices. This is the type of resource you want to connect to using this private endpoint.

    • Resource Select the Private Link service resource whose name starts with the cluster ID. In this case, it's p-mckwlbakq5-rw-internal-lb.


      BigAnimal creates the Private Link service in a resource group managed by Azure Kubernetes Service in the corresponding project/region. Its name follows this pattern: MC_dp-PROJECT_ID-REGION-counter_REGION. In this example, it's MC_dp-brcxzr08qr7rbei1-japaneast-1_japaneast.

  1. On the Virtual Network tab, enter the client VM’s Virtual Network details:

    create private endpoint virtual network

    • Virtual Network Enter the VM client’s virtual network. In this case, it's vnet-client.

    • Subnet To deploy the private endpoint, you must select a virtual network subnet to receive the private IP address assignment. In this example, the snet client subnet was already defined and will be assigned the private IP address. However, if a subnet isn't yet defined, you can select the default subnet, and a private IP address will be assigned.

    • Private IP Configuration This option defaults to Dynamically allocate IP address. This example uses the default.

    • Application security group You can leave this blank, or you can create or assign an Application Security Group. In this example, it's blank.

  2. You can either skip or configure both DNS and Tags as you need and then go to Review + Create.

  3. Select Create.

  4. Proceed to Accessing the cluster.

Using the Azure CLI

If you prefer to create the private endpoint using the Azure CLI, either use your local terminal with an Azure CLI profile already configured or open a new Azure Cloud Shell using the Azure portal.

Use the following Azure CLI command to create the private endpoint by setting these parameters:

az network private-endpoint create \
    --connection-name p-mckwlbakq5-rw-internal-lb \
    --name vnet-client-private-endpoint \
    --private-connection-resource-id "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/resourceGroups/mc_dp-brcxzr08qr7rbei1-japaneast-1_japaneast/providers/Microsoft.Network/privateLinkServices/p-mckwlbakq5-rw-internal-lb" \
    --resource-group rg-client \
    --subnet snet-client \
    --vnet-name vnet-client \
    --subscription test
  • connection-name needs to be the Private Link service name, like p-mckwlbakq5-rw-internal-lb.

  • name is the private endpoint name, like vnet-client-private-endpoint.

  • private-connection-resource-id is the Azure Resource Manager path of the Private Link Service.

  • resource-group is the resource group in which to create the private endpoint.

  • subnet is the Azure VNet subnet in which to create the private endpoint.

  • vnet-name is the Azure VNet name in which to create the private endpoint.

  • subscription is the Azure subscription in which to create the private endpoint.

Accessing the cluster

You have successfully built a tunnel between your client VM's virtual network and the cluster. You can now access the cluster from the private endpoint in your client VM. The private endpoint's private IP address is associated with an independent virtual network NIC. Get the private endpoint's private IP address using the following commands:

NICID=$(az network private-endpoint show -n vnet-client-private-endpoint -g rg-client --query "networkInterfaces[0].id" -o tsv)
az network nic show -n ${NICID##*/} -g rg-client --query "ipConfigurations[0].privateIPAddress" -o tsv

From the client VM vm-client, access the cluster by using the private IP address:

psql -h -U edb_admin
Password for user edb_admin :

psql (13.4 (Ubuntu 13.4-1.pgdg20.04+1), server 13.4.8 (Debian 13.4.8-1+deb10))
WARNING : psql major version 13, server major version 13. Some psql features might not work.
SSL connection (protocol : TLSV1.3, cipher : TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits : 256, compression : off) Type "help" for help.


Step 2: Create an Azure Private DNS Zone for the private endpoint

EDB strongly recommends using a private Azure DNS zone with the private endpoint to establish a connection with a cluster. You can't validate TLS certificates using verify-full when connecting to an IP address.

With a private DNS zone, you configure a DNS entry for your cluster's public hostname. Azure DNS ensures that all requests to that domain name from your VNet resolve to the private endpoint's IP address instead of the cluster's IP address.


You need to create a single private Azure DNS zone for each VNet, even if you're connecting to multiple clusters. If you already created a DNS zone for this VNet, you can skip to step 6.

  1. In the Azure portal, search for Private DNS Zones.

  2. Select Private DNS zone.

  3. Select Create private DNS zone.

  4. Create a private DNS zone using your organization's domain name as an apex domain. The organization's domain name must be unique to your BigAnimal organization. For example, use


  5. Select the Virtual network link on the Private DNS Zone page of, and link the private DNS Zone to the client VM's virtual network vnet-client.


  6. Add a record for the private endpoint. The address is a private IP address, the one created with the private endpoint in the previous step.

  7. You can now access your cluster with this private domain name.

    dig +short
    psql -h -U edb_admin
    Password for user edb_admin:
    psql (13.4 (Ubuntu 13.4-1.pgdg28.84+1), server 13.4.8 (Debian 13.4.8-1+deb10))
    WARNING : psql major version 13, server major version 13. Some psql features might not work.
    SSL connection (protocol : TLSV1.3cipherTLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits : 256, compression : off) Type "help" for help.

    You might need to flush your local DNS cache to resolve your domain name to the new private IP address after adding the private endpoint.

Other methods