Creating a cluster


Prior to creating your cluster, make sure you have enough resources. Without enough resources, your request to create a cluster fails.

Create a cluster

  1. Sign in to the BigAnimal portal.

  2. Select Create New Cluster in the top right of the Overview page or Clusters page.

  3. On the Create Cluster page, specify the cluster settings on the following tabs:

  4. Select Create Cluster. It might take a few minutes to deploy.


When you don't configure settings on optional tabs, the default values are used.

Cluster Info tab

  1. Select which type of cluster to deploy.

    • Single node creates a cluster with one primary and no standby replicas. Suited for test environments where high availability might not be required. You can create single node clusters running EDB Postgres Advanced Server or PostgreSQL.

    • High availability creates a cluster with one primary and two standby replicas in different availability zones. You can create high availability clusters running EDB Postgres Advanced Server or PostgreSQL.

    • Extreme high availability (beta) creates a cluster configured with a leader node, three shadow nodes, and one witness node. This cluster uses EDB Postgres Distributed to deliver higher performance and faster recovery. You can create extreme high availability clusters with either PostgreSQL or Oracle compatibility.

    See Supported cluster types for more information about the different cluster types.


    You can't switch from a single node or high availability cluster to an extreme high availability cluster or vice versa.

  2. Select the number of standby replicas for your cluster.

  3. Select the cloud provider for your cluster. If you're using your own account and haven't connected it to BigAnimal yet, see Connecting to your cloud.

Cluster Settings tab

  1. Enter the name for your cluster in the Cluster Name field.

  2. Enter a password for your cluster in the Password field. This is the password for the user edb_admin.

  3. In the Database Type section:

    1. Select the type of Postgres you want to use in the Postgres Type field:

      • Oracle Compatible is powered by EDB Postgres Advanced Server. View a quick demonstration of Oracle compatibility on BigAnimal. EDB Postgres Advanced Server is compatible with all three cluster types.

      • PostgreSQL is an open-source object-relational database management system. PostgreSQL is compatible with single node and high availability cluster types.

      • PostgreSQL Compatible uses advanced logical replication of data and schema. It is only available if you select extreme high availability as your cluster type.

    2. In the Postgres Version list, select the version of Postgres that you want to use. See Database version policy for more information.

  4. In the Region section, select the region where you want to deploy your cluster. For the best performance, EDB strongly recommends that this region be the same as your other resources that communicate with your cluster. For a list of available regions, see Supported regions. If you are interested in deploying a cluster to a region that isn't currently available, contact Support.

  5. In the Instance Type section,

    1. Select the category that works best for your applications and workload:

      • Memory optimized for large data sets

      • Compute optimized for compute bound applications

      • General purpose if you don't require memory or compute optimization.

    2. Select the instance series and size. See Sizes for virtual machines in Azure or Amazon EC2 Instance Types for information to help you choose the appropriate instance type.


      To maximize your disk size for AWS, select Rb5 as your instance, and then io2 Block Express as your storage to get a maximum disk size of 64 TB and 256,000 IOPS.

  6. In the Storage section, select your volume type from the Volume Type list.

    • For Azure, in Volume Type select either Premium SSD or Ultra Disk. Compared to Premium SSD volumes, Ultra Disks offer lower latency, high-performance options, and direct control over your disk's IOPS (input/output operations per second). BigAnimal recommends using Ultra Disks for workloads that require the most demanding performance. See Using Azure ultra disks for more information.

      • For Premium SSD, in Volume Properties, select the type and amount of storage needed for your cluster. See Azure Premium SSD storage types for more information.

      • For Ultra Disk, in Volume Properties, select the disk size and IOPS for your cluster. BigAnimal calculates the throughput based on your IOPS settings.


        While setting the required IOPS for the disk you should consider the VM limits that are tied to the VM size that you have selected. See Ultra disk IOPS for more information.

    • For AWS, in Volume Type select either General Purpose SSD (GP3), io2, or io2 Block Express.


      io2 Block Express is available for selected instance types (such as R5b). However, you cannot switch between io2 and io2 Block Express after creating your cluster.

    In Volume Properties, select the disk size for your cluster and configure the IOPS.

  7. In the Networking Connectivity section, you specify whether to use private or public networking. Networking is set to Public by default. Public means that any client can connect to your cluster’s public IP address over the internet. Optionally, you can limit traffic to your public cluster by specifying an IP allowlist, which allows access only to certain blocks of IP addresses. To limit access, add one or more classless inter-domain routing (CIDR) blocks in the IP Allowlists section. CIDR is a method for allocating IP addresses and IP routing to a whole network or subnet. If you have any CIDR block entries, access is limited to those IP addresses. If none are specified, all network traffic is allowed.

    Private networking allows only IP addresses within your private network to connect to your cluster. See Cluster networking architecture for more information.

  8. To optionally make updates to your database configuration parameters, select Next: DB Configuration.

DB Configuration tab

In the Parameters section, you can update the value of the database configuration parameters, as needed.

To update the parameter values, see Modifying Your Database Configuration Parameters.

Backups tab

You can change the default database backup retention period of 30 days using the Retention Time controls in the Backups section. You can configure the retention period as follows:

  • 1 - 180 days
  • 1 - 25 weeks
  • 1 - 6 months

BigAnimal automatically deletes backups older than the retention period.

What’s next

After you create your cluster, use these resources to learn about cluster use and management: