PostGIS v1

PostGIS is a very popular open source extension for PostgreSQL that introduces support for storing GIS (Geographic Information Systems) objects in the database and be queried via SQL.

Important

This section assumes you are familiar with PostGIS and provides some basic information about how to create a new PostgreSQL cluster with a PostGIS database in Kubernetes via EDB Postgres for Kubernetes.

The CloudNativePG Community maintains container images that are built on top of the official PostGIS images hosted on DockerHub. For more information please visit:

Additionally, EDB provides container images for EDB Postgres Advanced Server that include PostGIS and makes them available in the official registry on Quay.io with the -postgis suffix.

Basic concepts about a PostGIS cluster

Conceptually, a PostGIS-based PostgreSQL cluster (or simply a PostGIS cluster) is like any other PostgreSQL cluster. The only differences are:

  • the presence in the system of PostGIS and related libraries
  • the presence in the database(s) of the PostGIS extension

Since EDB Postgres for Kubernetes is based on Immutable Application Containers, the only way to provision PostGIS is to add it to the container image that you use for the operand. The "Container Image Requirements" section provides detailed instructions on how this is achieved. More simply, you can just use the PostGIS container images from the Community, as in the examples below.

The second step is to install the extension in the PostgreSQL database. You can do this in two ways:

  • install it in the application database, which is the main and supposedly only database you host in the cluster according to the microservice architecture, or
  • install it in the template1 database so as to make it available for all the databases you end up creating in the cluster, in case you adopt the monolith architecture where the instance is shared by multiple databases
Info

For more information on the microservice vs monolith architecture in the database please refer to the "How many databases should be hosted in a single PostgreSQL instance?" FAQ or the "Database import" section.

Create a new PostgreSQL cluster with PostGIS

Let's suppose you want to create a new PostgreSQL 14 cluster with PostGIS 3.2.

The first step is to ensure you use the right PostGIS container image for the operand, and properly set the .spec.imageName option in the Cluster resource.

The postgis-example.yaml manifest below provides some guidance on how the creation of a PostGIS cluster can be done.

Warning

Please consider that, although convention over configuration applies in EDB Postgres for Kubernetes, you should spend time configuring and tuning your system for production. Also the imageName in the example below deliberately points to the latest available image for PostgreSQL 14 - you should use a specific image name or, preferably, the SHA256 digest for true immutability.

apiVersion: postgresql.k8s.enterprisedb.io/v1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: postgis-example
spec:
  instances: 3
  imageName: ghcr.io/cloudnative-pg/postgis:14
  bootstrap:
    initdb:
      postInitTemplateSQL:
        - CREATE EXTENSION postgis;
        - CREATE EXTENSION postgis_topology;
        - CREATE EXTENSION fuzzystrmatch;
        - CREATE EXTENSION postgis_tiger_geocoder;

  storage:
    size: 1Gi

The example relies on the postInitTemplateSQL option which executes a list of queries against the template1 database, before the actual creation of the application database (called app). This means that, once you have applied the manifest and the cluster is up, you will have the above extensions installed in both the template database and the application database, ready for use.

Info

Take some time and look at the available options in .spec.bootstrap.initdb from the API reference, such as postInitApplicationSQL.

You can easily verify the available version of PostGIS that is in the container, by connecting to the app database (you might obtain different values from the ones in this document):

$ kubectl exec -ti postgis-example-1 -- psql app
Defaulted container "postgres" out of: postgres, bootstrap-controller (init)
psql (14.5 (Debian 14.5-1.pgdg110+1))
Type "help" for help.

app=# SELECT * FROM pg_available_extensions WHERE name ~ '^postgis' ORDER BY 1;
           name           | default_version | installed_version |                          comment
--------------------------+-----------------+-------------------+------------------------------------------------------------
 postgis                  | 3.2.2           | 3.2.2             | PostGIS geometry and geography spatial types and functions
 postgis-3                | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS geometry and geography spatial types and functions
 postgis_raster           | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS raster types and functions
 postgis_raster-3         | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS raster types and functions
 postgis_sfcgal           | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS SFCGAL functions
 postgis_sfcgal-3         | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS SFCGAL functions
 postgis_tiger_geocoder   | 3.2.2           | 3.2.2             | PostGIS tiger geocoder and reverse geocoder
 postgis_tiger_geocoder-3 | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS tiger geocoder and reverse geocoder
 postgis_topology         | 3.2.2           | 3.2.2             | PostGIS topology spatial types and functions
 postgis_topology-3       | 3.2.2           |                   | PostGIS topology spatial types and functions
(10 rows)

The next step is to verify that the extensions listed in the postInitTemplateSQL section have been correctly installed in the app database.

app=# \dx
                                        List of installed extensions
          Name          | Version |   Schema   |                        Description
------------------------+---------+------------+------------------------------------------------------------
 fuzzystrmatch          | 1.1     | public     | determine similarities and distance between strings
 plpgsql                | 1.0     | pg_catalog | PL/pgSQL procedural language
 postgis                | 3.2.2   | public     | PostGIS geometry and geography spatial types and functions
 postgis_tiger_geocoder | 3.2.2   | tiger      | PostGIS tiger geocoder and reverse geocoder
 postgis_topology       | 3.2.2   | topology   | PostGIS topology spatial types and functions
(5 rows)

Finally:

app=# SELECT postgis_full_version();
                                                                            postgis_full_version
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 POSTGIS="3.2.2 628da50" [EXTENSION] PGSQL="140" GEOS="3.9.0-CAPI-1.16.2" PROJ="7.2.1" LIBXML="2.9.10" LIBJSON="0.15" LIBPROTOBUF="1.3.3" WAGYU="0.5.0 (Internal)" TOPOLOGY
(1 row)